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Angola Bridges and Tunnels Tenders and Bids
Get access to latest Angola bridge tenders and bids. Find business opportunities and government contracts for Angola bridge tenders, Angola bridge construction tenders, Angola overpass construction tenders, bridge tenders, tunnel tenders, Angola bridge work tenders, Angola steel bridge work tenders, structure work tenders, bridging work tenders. Find Angola bridge bids, tenders, procurement, RFPs, RFQs, ICBs. The economy of Angola remains heavily influenced by the effects of four decades of conflict in the last part of the 20th century, the war for independence from Portugal and the subsequent civil war. Despite extensive oil and gas resources, diamonds, hydroelectric potential, and rich agricultural land, Angola remains poor, and a third of the population relies on subsistence agriculture. Since 2002, when the 27-year civil war ended, government policy prioritized the repair and improvement of infrastructure and strengthening of political and social institutions. During the first decade of the 21st century, Angola's economy was one of the fastest-growing in the world, with reported annual average GDP growth of 11.1 percent from 2001 to 2010. High international oil prices and rising oil production contributed to strong economic growth, although with high inequality, at that time. Corruption is rife throughout the economy and the country remains heavily dependent on the oil sector, which in 2017 accounted for over 90 percent of exports by value and 64 percent of government revenue. With the end of the oil boom, from 2015 Angola entered into a period of economic contraction. A bridge is a structure built to span a physical obstacle (such as a body of water, valley, road, or rail) without blocking the way underneath. It is constructed for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle, which is usually something that is otherwise difficult or impossible to cross. There are many different designs of bridges, each serving a particular purpose and applicable to different situations. Designs of bridges vary depending on factors such as the function of the bridge, the nature of the terrain where the bridge is constructed and anchored, and the material used to make it, and the funds available to build it.
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Invitation to tender
An invitation to tender (ITT, otherwise known as a call for bids or a request for tenders) is a formal, structured procedure for generating competing offers from different potential suppliers or contractors looking to obtain an award of business activity in works, supply, or service contracts, often from companies who have been previously assessed for suitability by means of a supplier questionnaire (SQ) or pre-qualification questionnaire (PQQ).
The term "notice inviting tenders" (NIT) is often used in purchasing in India.
An ITT differs from a request for quotation (RFQ) or a request for proposal (RFP), in which case other reasons (technology used, quality) might cause or allow choice of the second best offer. An RFP is a request for a price from a buyer but the buyer would also expect suggestions and ideas on how the project work should be done. RFPs are thus focused on more than just pricing/cost, they entail a bit of consulting from the contractor or vendor. The closest equivalent to an ITT in the mainstream private sector is an RFP which, since public money is not involved, typically has a less rigid structure.
Open tenders, open calls for tenders, or advertised tenders are open to all vendors or contractors who can guarantee performance.
Restricted tenders, restricted calls for tenders, or invited tenders are only open to selected pre-qualified vendors or contractors. The tender stage may form part of a two-stage process, the first stage of which (as in the expression-of-interest (EOI) tender call) was itself advertised, resulting in a shortlist of selected suitable vendors.
Sole source tenders, where only one potential supplier is invited to submit a tender.
The reasons for using restricted tenders differ in scope and purpose. Restricted tenders can come about because of:
- confidentiality issues (such as in military contracts)
- the need for expeditiousness (as in emergency situations)
- a need to exclude tenderers who do not have the financial or technical capabilities to fulfill the requirements.
A sole source tender may be used where there is essentially only one suitable supplier of the services or product.
Other types of proposal and terms in use include:
EOI - expression of interest
IFB - invitation for bids
ITN - Invitation to negotiate
ITV - invitation to vendors
RFA - request for applications
RFD - request for documentation
RFI - request for information
RFO - request for offers
RFP - request for proposal
RFQ - request for quotation or request for qualifications
RFS - request for services
The online tender process typically involves the following steps:
Publication of tender notice: The procurement agency publishes the tender notice on their website and other online platforms.
Bid submission: Suppliers access the tender documents online, prepare their bids, and submit them electronically before the deadline.
Bid evaluation: The procurement agency evaluates the bids electronically based on the evaluation criteria specified in the tender documents.
Contract award: The contract is awarded to the successful bidder, and the procurement agency notifies all bidders of the outcome.
Note that the tender process may vary depending on the procurement agency and the type of tender. Therefore, it is essential to carefully review the tender documents and follow the instructions provided.
Some portion of this article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Invitation to tender", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
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Construction of 1 (one) Bridge over the Cunene River, Municipality of Chicala-Cholohanga, Huambo Province