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Afghanistan Real Estate Tenders and Bids
Get access to latest Afghanistan real estate services tenders and bids. Find business opportunities and government contracts for Afghanistan real estate tenders, government real estate tenders Afghanistan, Afghanistan land appraisal tenders, Afghanistan land purchase tenders, Afghanistan property appraisal tenders, Afghanistan property management tenders, Afghanistan public housing tenders, Afghanistan land lease tenders, Afghanistan real estate advisory tenders. Find Afghanistan real estate services bids, tenders, procurement, RFPs, RFQs, ICBs. Search for Afghanistan real estate services tenders online. The economy of Afghanistan has steadily improved in the last decade due to the return of a large number of wealthy expats, the modernization of the nation's agriculture sector, and the establishment of more trade routes with neighboring and regional countries. The billions of dollars in international assistance that came from expats and outside investors saw this increase when there was more political reliability after NATO became involved in Afghanistan's reconstruction. The nation's GDP (PPP) stands these days at about $70 billion with an exchange rate of $20 billion (2017), and the GDP per capita (PPP) is about $2,000. It imports over $6 billion worth of goods but exports about $1 billion worth of legal products, mainly fruits and nuts. Real estate is property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this an item of real property, buildings or housing in general. Residential real estate may contain either a single family or multifamily structure that is available for occupation or for non-business purposes. Residences can be classified by and how they are connected to neighbouring residences and land. Different types of housing tenure can be used for the same physical type. Commercial real estate, investment property or income property, is real estate (buildings or land) intended to generate a profit, either from capital gains or rental income. Commercial buildings are buildings that are used for commercial purposes, and include office buildings, warehouses, and retail buildings.
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Invitation to tender
An invitation to tender (ITT, otherwise known as a call for bids or a request for tenders) is a formal, structured procedure for generating competing offers from different potential suppliers or contractors looking to obtain an award of business activity in works, supply, or service contracts, often from companies who have been previously assessed for suitability by means of a supplier questionnaire (SQ) or pre-qualification questionnaire (PQQ).
The term "notice inviting tenders" (NIT) is often used in purchasing in India.
An ITT differs from a request for quotation (RFQ) or a request for proposal (RFP), in which case other reasons (technology used, quality) might cause or allow choice of the second best offer. An RFP is a request for a price from a buyer but the buyer would also expect suggestions and ideas on how the project work should be done. RFPs are thus focused on more than just pricing/cost, they entail a bit of consulting from the contractor or vendor. The closest equivalent to an ITT in the mainstream private sector is an RFP which, since public money is not involved, typically has a less rigid structure.
Open tenders, open calls for tenders, or advertised tenders are open to all vendors or contractors who can guarantee performance.
Restricted tenders, restricted calls for tenders, or invited tenders are only open to selected pre-qualified vendors or contractors. The tender stage may form part of a two-stage process, the first stage of which (as in the expression-of-interest (EOI) tender call) was itself advertised, resulting in a shortlist of selected suitable vendors.
Sole source tenders, where only one potential supplier is invited to submit a tender.
The reasons for using restricted tenders differ in scope and purpose. Restricted tenders can come about because of:
- confidentiality issues (such as in military contracts)
- the need for expeditiousness (as in emergency situations)
- a need to exclude tenderers who do not have the financial or technical capabilities to fulfill the requirements.
A sole source tender may be used where there is essentially only one suitable supplier of the services or product.
Other types of proposal and terms in use include:
EOI - expression of interest
IFB - invitation for bids
ITN - Invitation to negotiate
ITV - invitation to vendors
RFA - request for applications
RFD - request for documentation
RFI - request for information
RFO - request for offers
RFP - request for proposal
RFQ - request for quotation or request for qualifications
RFS - request for services
The online tender process typically involves the following steps:
Publication of tender notice: The procurement agency publishes the tender notice on their website and other online platforms.
Bid submission: Suppliers access the tender documents online, prepare their bids, and submit them electronically before the deadline.
Bid evaluation: The procurement agency evaluates the bids electronically based on the evaluation criteria specified in the tender documents.
Contract award: The contract is awarded to the successful bidder, and the procurement agency notifies all bidders of the outcome.
Note that the tender process may vary depending on the procurement agency and the type of tender. Therefore, it is essential to carefully review the tender documents and follow the instructions provided.
Some portion of this article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Invitation to tender", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
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