Get access to latest Algeria printing and publishing tenders and bids. Find business opportunities and government contracts for Algeria printing publishing tenders, government printing publishing tenders Algeria, Algeria magazine printing and publishing tenders, Algeria online printing publishing tenders, signage tenders, Algeria book printing, stationery tenders, news printing tenders. Find Algeria printing and publishing bid invitations, tenders, bids, procurement, RFPs, RFQs, ICBs. Search for Algeria printing and publishing tenders online. The country has enjoyed several years of strong economic performance, with solid non-hydrocarbon growth, low inflation, an overall budget surplus of 8% of GDP and a positive trade balance of 28% of GDP in 2008. Average annual non-hydrocarbon GDP growth averaged 6 percent in 2003–2007, with total GDP growing at an average of 4.5% during the same period due to less buoyant oil production in 2006–07. After having virtually eliminated external debt before 2013, the drop hydrocarbon prices and revenues has led to a large budget deficit which has been only partly offset by spending cuts. Consequently, government debt has increased to more than 30% of GDP. Inflation has remained at 3-6% on average for 2013–17. However, the economy remains highly dependent on hydrocarbons, which represent 94% of total exports; a continued slowdown of global energy demand has significantly put pressure on Algeria's fiscal and external positions. The nominal GDP in 2017 was US$167.5 billion. Algeria has enormous possibilities to boost its economic growth, including huge foreign-exchange reserves derived from oil and gas. A development strategy targeting stronger, sustained growth would create more jobs, especially for young people, and alleviate the housing shortage the country is facing. The national strategic option is therefore to revitalise the process intended to diversify the economy starting with the non-oil sector while deepening the reforms needed for the structural transformation of the economy. Printing is a process for mass reproducing text and images using a master form or template. Offset printing is a widely used modern printing process. This technology is best described as when a positive (right-reading) image on a printing plate is inked and transferred from the plate to a rubber blanket. The blanket image becomes a mirror image of the plate image. An offset transfer moves the image to a printing substrate, making the image right-reading again. Offset printing utilizes a lithographic process which is based on the repulsion of oil and water. Currently, most books and newspapers are printed using offset lithography. Professional digital printing primarily uses an electrical charge to transfer toner or liquid ink to the substrate onto which it is printed. Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Traditionally, the term refers to the creation and distribution of printed works, such as books, newspapers, and magazines. With the advent of digital information systems, the scope has expanded to include electronic publishing such as ebooks, academic journals, micropublishing, websites, blogs, video game publishing, and the like.