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Afghanistan Roads and Highways Tenders and Bids
Get access to latest Afghanistan roads highways tenders and bids. Find business opportunities and government contracts for Afghanistan roads highways tenders, Government roads highways tenders Afghanistan, global roads and highways tenders, Afghanistan road construction tenders, Afghanistan highway construction tenders, Afghanistan concrete construction tenders, road highway construction tenders. Find Afghanistan road highway bids, tenders, procurement, RFPs, RFQs, ICBs. The economy of Afghanistan has steadily improved in the last decade due to the return of a large number of wealthy expats, the modernization of the nation's agriculture sector, and the establishment of more trade routes with neighboring and regional countries. The billions of dollars in international assistance that came from expats and outside investors saw this increase when there was more political reliability after NATO became involved in Afghanistan's reconstruction. The nation's GDP (PPP) stands these days at about $70 billion with an exchange rate of $20 billion (2017), and the GDP per capita (PPP) is about $2,000. It imports over $6 billion worth of goods but exports about $1 billion worth of legal products, mainly fruits and nuts. A road is a linear way for the conveyance of traffic that mostly has an improved surface for use by vehicles (motorized and non-motorized) and pedestrians. Unlike streets, the main function of roads is transportation. There are many types of roads, including parkways, avenues, controlled-access highways (freeways, motorways, and expressways), tollways, interstates, highways, thoroughfares, and local roads. Major modern highways that connect cities in populous developed and developing countries usually incorporate features intended to enhance the road's capacity, efficiency, and safety to various degrees. Such features include a reduction in the number of locations for user access, the use of dual carriageways with two or more lanes on each carriageway, and grade-separated junctions with other roads and modes of transport. These features are typically present on highways built as motorways (freeways).
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Invitation to tender
An invitation to tender (ITT, otherwise known as a call for bids or a request for tenders) is a formal, structured procedure for generating competing offers from different potential suppliers or contractors looking to obtain an award of business activity in works, supply, or service contracts, often from companies who have been previously assessed for suitability by means of a supplier questionnaire (SQ) or pre-qualification questionnaire (PQQ).
The term "notice inviting tenders" (NIT) is often used in purchasing in India.
An ITT differs from a request for quotation (RFQ) or a request for proposal (RFP), in which case other reasons (technology used, quality) might cause or allow choice of the second best offer. An RFP is a request for a price from a buyer but the buyer would also expect suggestions and ideas on how the project work should be done. RFPs are thus focused on more than just pricing/cost, they entail a bit of consulting from the contractor or vendor. The closest equivalent to an ITT in the mainstream private sector is an RFP which, since public money is not involved, typically has a less rigid structure.
Open tenders, open calls for tenders, or advertised tenders are open to all vendors or contractors who can guarantee performance.
Restricted tenders, restricted calls for tenders, or invited tenders are only open to selected pre-qualified vendors or contractors. The tender stage may form part of a two-stage process, the first stage of which (as in the expression-of-interest (EOI) tender call) was itself advertised, resulting in a shortlist of selected suitable vendors.
Sole source tenders, where only one potential supplier is invited to submit a tender.
The reasons for using restricted tenders differ in scope and purpose. Restricted tenders can come about because of:
- confidentiality issues (such as in military contracts)
- the need for expeditiousness (as in emergency situations)
- a need to exclude tenderers who do not have the financial or technical capabilities to fulfill the requirements.
A sole source tender may be used where there is essentially only one suitable supplier of the services or product.
Other types of proposal and terms in use include:
EOI - expression of interest
IFB - invitation for bids
ITN - Invitation to negotiate
ITV - invitation to vendors
RFA - request for applications
RFD - request for documentation
RFI - request for information
RFO - request for offers
RFP - request for proposal
RFQ - request for quotation or request for qualifications
RFS - request for services
The online tender process typically involves the following steps:
Publication of tender notice: The procurement agency publishes the tender notice on their website and other online platforms.
Bid submission: Suppliers access the tender documents online, prepare their bids, and submit them electronically before the deadline.
Bid evaluation: The procurement agency evaluates the bids electronically based on the evaluation criteria specified in the tender documents.
Contract award: The contract is awarded to the successful bidder, and the procurement agency notifies all bidders of the outcome.
Note that the tender process may vary depending on the procurement agency and the type of tender. Therefore, it is essential to carefully review the tender documents and follow the instructions provided.
Some portion of this article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Invitation to tender", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
Tags: Afghanistan Roads and Highways Tenders, Afghanistan Roads and Highways Bids, Afghanistan Roads and Highways Global Tenders, Afghanistan Roads and Highways International Tenders, RFPs, RFQs, EOI, ICBs, Contract awards.
Procurement for construction of roads Jame Mosque, Research Center Road, the road around the students' park